We all know the impressive silhouette of the great Mountain Huayna Picchu that has made of Machu Picchu a world icon through the magnificent photographs spread over the Internet but very few have climbed its rock cliffs and enjoy a unique view of the Inca City of Machu Picchu.
The Huayna Picchu Mountain is located north of Machu Picchu Mountain, at an altitude of 2693 masl It forms part of the orographic formation known as the “Batolito de Vilcabamba”, which is an extension of the Andes Central Range.
Huayna Picchu, in Quechua means Young Mountain and forms part of the three sacred mountains existing in Machu Picchu, that is to say; “Mountain of Machu Picchu” or Old Mountain , “Mountain Huayna Picchu” or Young Mountain and “Mountain of Putucusi” or Mountain Alegre.
From the top, this mountain has a spectacular view of the Inca City of Machu Picchu, roads, bridges, the Sacred Gate of Inti Punku, where you enter the Inca Trail. For all these reasons, Huayna Picchu is credited with a monitoring and surveillance function.
For the ascent, this steep Mountain has a narrow road with stretches that include, stairs carved in the same rock. During the ascent, there is a landscape with thick vegetation typical of the jungle. Also, in the interior of a cave, architectural evidences that belonged to the possible Temple of the Moon, the same that counts on niches or niches and walls Incas.
It should be noted that the mountain is surrounded by andenes or terraces, which served as containment and for agricultural purposes. The Inca City of Machu Picchu, has a height of 2430 msnm and the Huayna Picchu is 263 meters higher. The Huayna Picchu is a steep mountain, but less high than the Mountain of Machu Picchu, the ascent has some degree of difficulty, not recommended for people suffering from vertigo.
The Huayna Picchu Mountain is located between Km 82 and 122 northeast of the department of Cusco, in the province of Urubamba, Machu Picchu district. The Huayna Picchu belongs to the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu and is north of the Inca City, and can be seen as the background of Machu Picchu in the photos of the enigmatic Llaqta or Inca City.
You can climb to Huayna Picchu by a steep path, which begins exactly in the “Huayranas” sector inside Machu Picchu, where there is a well signposted path, from the entrance gate to the Inca City until you reach a control booth of entrance and exit of the visitors.
The narrow path of climb includes stairways worked at the edge of the mountain walls.
The Huayna Picchu Mountain is located in the middle of a jungle landscape, surrounded by lush vegetation with a habitat of birds, butterflies, insects and others, all belonging to a tropical landscape. The rock walls, which are found during the ascent, belong to the Batolito de Vilcabamba, and we are talking about the white granite.
The climate is warm and temperate, during the dry season (from April to October), and with the presence of rains (from November to March), although Machu Picchu preserves its brightness and greenery all year round.
And to crown the view, you can see from this point the snowy Salkantay (Sacred Apu of the Incas), as well as the Inti Punku or entrance to Machu Picchu from the Inca Trail.
During the steep ascent, one can begin to enjoy the scenery and the panoramic view that exists from the mountain.
There are also large rocky outcrops, inside of one of the caves, there are walls, niches and lintels of trapezoidal style and fine stonework, belonging to the ” Temple of the Moon “.
It should be noted that the Incas worshiped the Moon or Killa , and the existing Temple at Huayna Picchu is a sign of their beliefs. In this shrine, religious ceremonies were surely held around their sacred mummies.
On the other hand, in the Huayna Picchu, you can see terraces and enclosures, forming part of a Control Site or Astronomical Observatory, this possible function is given, considering the strategic location of the Huayna Picchu Mountain.
It should be noted that once the ascent begins, one can see quite a few precipices that are covered with much vegetation.
Can you explore Machu Picchu and climb to Huayna Picchu in one day?
Yes, and it is the most recommended for people who do not have much time; In this case the most important thing is that you buy your ticket Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu in advance and arrive at the town of Aguas Calientes or Machu Picchu town very early; This will allow you to ascend to Huayna Picchu in the first group, to descend before eleven and to enjoy Machu Picchu without problems; However, you can also visit the Inca city of Machu Picchu first and then ascend to Huayna Picchu in the second group, and after the descent continue with your visit to the Inca City. Doing your tour with us, guarantees an organization of your journey efficient and with enough time to enjoy everything that this historic and natural sanctuary offers.
What is the difficulty of Huayna Picchu?
It can be cataloged with moderate difficulty. It is an ascent of 300 meters vertical; Very steep, narrow and irregular stairs; It has some very narrow paths in which it will have to hold of soguillas to cross them; But in spite of all this, it is not really very complicated.
Although it is not really dangerous, you will have to follow the signposted course at all times, looking for a way on your own or not following the marked trails could mean a very serious accident. It is not recommended if you suffer from vertigo as it will become very difficult since it is a slope with steps and very steep; The problem is that passengers who suffer from vertigo, usually do not stop being afraid. But you will always have the possibility of descending.
What is the best time to go up to Huayna Picchu?
While there is no perfect time. Then, you will have to decide when to do so considering your preferences. If the rain bothers you or is very cold. In summary we can say that:
Do I have to book Huayna Picchu before?
Located next to the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, climbing the mountain of Huayna Picchu, is an experience that will certainly be worth it; In it you will find Inca buildings. Getting to the top is an indescribable experience, the view is wonderful. The entrance ticket to Huayna Picchu is not something that can be obtained separately, so you must make your reservation two months in advance by buying your ticket Machu Picchu + Huayna Picchu . In recent years Huayna Picchu has become one of the most sought after by visitors from all over the world, who want an unforgettable memory of Machu Picchu.
Are there age restrictions for Huayna Picchu?
Although there are no age restrictions, it is necessary to consider very carefully the ascent of children under 12 years and people over 60, especially if they are not in good physical condition, or if they present respiratory, cardiac, or some type of diseases. Physical
Where can I leave my luggage?
The best thing would be to arrive only with the indicated (5 kg per person); However, if you brought others, you can leave your belongings in lockers, which you can find at the entrance gate of Machu Picchu.
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